Phase 2: Finding Helpful Resources
The internet is a tricky place, because it is not always possible to know what is true and what is fake. In order to make sure that the information I collect is valid, I need to double check it with a few other sources. To find out who published/ produced information from a website, look around because it normally tells you the producer/publisher on it. If I cannot find it there, there is a website called Whois that I love to use because I can look any website up, and it tells me when and who made it! Some keywords and phrases to search on google for my topic could include the one child policy, family planning policy, and gender barriers during birth in China.
Experts: I found all my experts from google scholar and the SIRS researcher I found off the SAS database.
Research Domain: Global Health, Migration, Population Health
Department: ICH- Ctr for Internation Health & Dev
I have chosen Therese Hesketh as my first expert for multiple reasons. She used to live in China and other parts of Asia for eight years and has studied the one child policy first hand. As well as the one child policy, she research focuses on the population health in China. She has been in this field since 1982, so she has had lots of experience.
Title: Assistant Proffesor at California State University East Bay
Phone: 510 885 7135
Office: VB 358
Another one of my experts is Ming-Hsuan Lee. Although he is a professor of economy, he has done some research about the one child policy, gender equality, and how it effects education in China and a few other aspects. He is originally Taiwanese, so know the Chinese culture very well. He has also worked in multiple universities such as Boston University, and California Stat Unviersity East Bay.
Pei Ju Liao
Title: Assistant Research Fellow
Phone: 0227822791 #307
Work Place: Academia Sinica
Like Ming-Hsuan Lee, Pei Ju Liao research fields are Macroeconomics and Economy Growth. She graduated from the University of California Los Angelos in 2009 with a Ph.D. in Economics. She published a piece called "The One Child Policy: A macroeconomics Report" She analyzed the one child policy in China, and looked at how it effected the economy. Even though I am not specifically looking into the economics, she would know a great deal about the one child policy and could possibly help me.
Hello my name is Katie, and I am an eighth grade student from Shanghai American School. My school has provided an amazing opportunity for myself and 15 other students, to live in the village of Xizhou in Yunnan, China. During my time here in Xizhou, I am studying the one child policy in China. Below are ten questions that I have come up with for an idea of what I want to learn during my one month duration in Xizhou. The more I learn, I may adjust my essential questions a bit. All my work is on the Microcampus Website. From my research I have done on you, it seems that you are very knowledgable and have researched much on how the one child policy works all over China. Therefore, I was wondering if I could look to you for some guidance, help, and information on this subject. I am aware of how busy you must be with your work, so if you are not able to provide me with any information, that is ok. Thank you for your time!
10 Essential Questions
- When did the one child policy go into place and why?
- What exactly does it say in the written policy?
- Is it enforced more in rural China or in the big cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong ect.
- Do the government officials enforce the policy or do the people just know not to have more than one child?
- What is the ratio of boys to girls in schools?
- What is the ratio of boys to girls being born?
- Do parents favor having boys or girls?
- Does this policy apply to all inhabitants of China?
- Did most of the parents pressure their child to have a certain gender? Do they now?
- How do the people of Xizhou feel about this policy?
Pei Ju Liao was kind enough to answer to my email. She told me she thinks that I could find most of what I am looking for in a book called "Birth Control In China 1949-2000" Here is her response to my email. None of the other experts have yet replied.
The following book may answer most of your questions.
Scharping, T., 2003. Birth Control in China, 1949–2000: Population Policy and Demographic
Development. Routledge, London, New York
Arival In Xizhou: 3-to-5s
I chose Mr. Tafel for one of my 3-to-5s because he has been to the village 10-12 times, and knows it very well. He was also an easier person to talk to, so I could first get comfortable, the start talking to others. I gained many good resources from this quick interview. He pointed me towards several people such as a retired local government offical of Xizhou, Mr. Duan. He was had to approve all the marriages of the village, so he most likely would be very familiar with the family planning policy. Mr. Duan also served in the army for China. Two others he recommend I talk to were Mr. Zhao, the 94 year old guard at Yang Zuo Ren, and some younger women in the village to talk about how they feel about it.
I had my next 3-to-5 with Xiao Tang, the manager of Yang Zuo Ren. She is from Kunming (capital of Yunnan) and has lived in Xizhou for 9 months, and works in Xizhou. She was very knowledgable on this topic, especially since she was born an only child. When I asked her what she thought of the policy, she said overall, it was a good decision by the Chinese government, but some like to argue about how it is breaking people's human rights. Xiao Tang also mentioned something that I had not thought of before, and I found very helpful. She said that everyone sees it in a different light, mostly because of their educational background and where they come from. She did not know anyone I could talk to about this topic, but said she would let me know if she found anyone.
Following Mr. Tafel's advice, I went and talked to Mr. Zhao and found out lots of information. He said that he does not know anyone to talk to, because people here are happy about the policy because it helps them. He does not know anyone that was affected by this policy, but in China affected has more of a negative tone. Since he is Chinese and has lived here his whole life, he is very supportive of their policies.
Mr. Fan is originally Taiwanese but has lived in Xizhou for a number of years. I chose him because Taiwan the family planning policy does not apply in Taiwan, and he did not grow up here, so he sees it in from a different viewpoint. He said it would be very hard to get people to talk about my topic, because it is about the government, and there is no freedom of speech in China. Like myself, he had previously tried to casually talk about the family planning policy with locals when he first arrived in Xizhou, and informed me that it was very hard and no one really wanted to talk about it. Unlike Mr. Zhao's positive viewpoint on the matter, Mr. Fan saw it in a more negative light, and that it was doing more harm than helping.
Books From the Linden Centre
I went to the Linden Centre and collected a few books that may be helpful to my research here in Xizhou. Two of them were more about women and genders in China called "Chinese Women in a Century of Revolution" by Ono Kazuko and "Re-Drawing Boundaries Work, Househoklds and Gender in China" by Barbara Entwisle and Gail E. Henderson. I talked to Frank, the manager of the Linden Centre, and although we could not find any books on the Family Planning Policy, he said he would call me if he found it. The other book I took was more for pleasure reading in my free time, called "The Red Scarf Girl." It is a well known book about the story of a girl and her family during the Chinese Cultural Revolution.
All information I found from the books, 3-to-5s, and further research, you can find in Phase 3.