Phase 2: Finding Helpful Resources

Updated 6 years 2 months ago

While researching, I might use Google. It is convienient and easy to use. I might use a few keywords instead of questions and long sentences. To find information on Village Governance, I might use words that relate to governing a village. There may be a few categories:

1. The Mayor

2. Laws

3. Ancient China

4. Election

5. Types of Governments

6. Local Governance in China

7. Governance in Rural China

I can also see what kind of sources they cited and click the link and see if that is credible. Some credible cites may be a website that has an university name. This will state that the expert/author is a or was a student in a good university. This will also be helpful because I know the author of the original cite was not an ordinary person that was not good at the topic. I should also see that date it was published because if it is out of date, the information is most likely inaccurate. The publishing date will be at the top or bottom of the excerpt of the article or book. If it's around 2010, it will most likely be accurate. Sometimes, topics like governance will not evolve as quickly so a book in around 2000 may be accurate too.

The author's name will be at the top of the article and if i click the link, it might lead me to another cite where it introduces him. If there is no information on the author, I can search him/her up in Google and I might be able to see his/her education, his/her research and other information. If the cite is something like a university name, The author will be realiable.


1. Timothy S. Oaks

I searched for village governance in yunnan and found three sources. Two of them needed to payment in order to download. The last one gave me the author's name. His name is Timothy Oaks. He is a cultural geographer in China. I picked him because he is interested in cultural change in China and might want to know more about rural China too.



Dear Mr. Oakes,
I am a student from Shanghai American School and I am currently doing a project on village governance in a small village in Yunnan.
I have noticed you are a cultural geographer of china and you focus on economic and social change in China. 
This is my project at this site:
Here are some questions I would like to answer:



1. What does the mayor of the town do on a daily basis?

2. What are some major problems the new mayor needs to solve?

3. What kinds of help does the mayor get?

4. Does the mayor get advice? If so, from who?

5. What kinds of jobs are in the government?

6. How are the mayors elected or chosen?

7. How are laws made?

8. How are laws enforced?

9. How are ancient Chinese structures and procedures like Xizhou’s? How are they different?

10. How are Confucian ideas influenced on their structures?
I hope you would take a quick look and provide some feedback.
Thank you.

I went to Google scholar and search up "village governance'. There were a lot of books on governance in other countries such as Indonesia and also topics about village elections. I found a book called "Cultural Geography and Chinese Ethnic Tourism". The author was interested in Chinese Cultural Geography and was interested in cultural change in China. If he knew about Ancient China governance, he may be interested in rural governance in China and see if the cultural change was big or little.

2. Cindy A. Schipani

I also found another expert called Cindy Schipani. Her primary research focuses on corporate government and she wrote a book on corporate government in China. I picked her because she might be interested in a government system in rural China. It might help her relate her research into my research.


See my format to Dr. Oaks.

I found another article about corporate governance in China. It relates China 'Then and Now'. She knows a lot about governance in China and how it changed and she might be interested in Rural China too. I searched her up in google and found that she went to the University of Chicago and went to the Michigan State University. I emailed her and asked if she would like to see my inquiry project.

3. Donald C. Clarke

Donald Clarke is a specialist in Chinese law and he speaks Mandarin fluently. I found him because he could be interested in rural Chinese law instead of modern law of China. This may give him a wider veiw of China and see the difference in between Xizhou and Modern China.


See my format to Dr. Oaks.

Finally, I found an overview of corporate governance in China. The author goes to Washington University and I got his email. I thought he would be interested in governance in Xizhou because his book relates to Mrs. Schipani's book. I searched "village governance in china" in Google scholar. After a few changes in the keywords, I finally found his article on corporate governance.

Local Resources:

1. Da Hui Wang

I interveiwed one of the people in the front desk at the Linden Centre named Da Hui Wang. I asked him because he seemed to know who I should go to. I asked him who should I go to for more information on the mayor and his job. He said that he didn't know who I should ask but instead go to Brian Linden and ask him. The manager isn't here now but I will find another person who knows some people I can count on.

2. Candy Mu

Another person at the front desk was Candy Mu. I asked her because she was also at the front desk. She said that the manager of the Linden Centre, Frank, had lots of connections with the people at the town hall. He did lots of business between the people there. She said that Frank might know someone who might have information on governance in this village. She and Da Hui Wang told us where the village hall was and said that we could go and ask for more information.

3. King Super

Jason and I went to the lounge to find more people to ask. King Super was there with another person. We asked if they knew anyone connected with the mayor of this town. King Super also said that Frank had some reliable sources. He and the mayor made contracts and agreements and had lots of connections. I chose him because I thought he knew a lot about this town. I see him walking around town often and I thought he might help.

4. Yang Aigang

Yang Aigang and another person had an office right next to the entrance. He also told us that Frank had lots of connections. He explained how the government evolved over time and seemed to know more about where the the mayor worked. He said that the village hall was near here and it was like the Linden Centre. We could go in and ask the workers there for more information.

5. Father Zhao

Father Zhao works right across from Yangzou Ran. We asked him because he looked elderly and might have information on the governance here. He told us where the government people work. We asked for more information but he just said to go to the place and ask them.

6. Shopkeeper

We asked her because she looked like someone who knew a lot about the town. After asking her a few questions, we found out that she didn't know a lot about the the village governance here. Finally, we asked her if the mayor controlled her small shop. She replied quickly that they didn't. She kept saying that she was just a old grandma selling small items to costumers. We said thank you and kept searching for more people.

7. Old Shopkeeper

In a small corner in a small road, there was an elderly sitting there talking to her friends. We came up and asked her if she had time to answer some questions. She had a deep accent and it was hard to understand. We picked her because in her small house, there was a picture of Mao Zedong. We asked her if she liked the new Chiense government or the government before. She replied that Mao Zedong was the best ruler and she didn't like the new Chinese government. We learned that elderly people loved the old government and didn't like the government now.

Book Topics:

Some topics of books that might be helpful might be a memoir of a person from Ancient China and how the government affected him/her. I can learn what was different back then and how it changed over time.

Another book might be a book on governance in general. I can learn background information on governance and how it affects the citizens.

A comparison on Xizhou before and now might be a good topic too. We can learn how the government evolved over time and see the changes that took place.

I am from Chicago. I have two other siblings. I was new to SAS and China. I have lived in Chicago all my life. I play piano, tennis and enjoy basketball. I also love traveling but I have never been away from my home alone for more than one month. Xizhou was a very beautiful rural town and I got to appreciate the weather, air and scenery during my stay there. I haven't been to a lot of places on the west side of China so the trip was valuable to me. I learned as much as possible here and took a lot back with me to Shanghai.