Phase 3: Interpreting Information

Updated 4 months 3 weeks ago

In Phase 0, I explored possible topic choices and narrowed them down to one final choice; the creation of a visitor's guide. I will be studying this topic during the upcoming Microcampus trip. In Phase 1, I wrote about what I already knew on the topic and posed important questions. In Phase 3, I am writing about the background research I have done that helped me pose the important questions from Phase 1.

Background Information (from Phase 1):

In order to create an insightful and appealing guide, I will not only need to research the general area of Xizhou but also tips on how to format my guide in order to make it the best that it can be.

Formatting of Guides- 

Lonely Planet Format (Printed Book on Cities) [1]:

A printed Lonely Planet book contains 4 sections; a "plan your trip" section, an "explore" section, an "understand" section, and a "survival guide" as well. The "plan your trip" section offers the itinerary, suggestions, transportation information, and highlights of the area. For example, in the Lonely Planet book on Tokyo, the "plan your trip" section lists the highlights of Tokyo, which include the Shinjuku nightlife and much more. This section overall lists all the attractions and places that are later on written in a more in-depth method inside the "explore" section. The "explore" section provides more insightful information on suggested places that were mentioned in the previous section. This section is split by different parts of the city and offers the top 5 attractions/etc. in each part as well, followed by the more detailed information on previous suggestions. The next section is the "understand" section, which writes about the general culture and history of the city/region. It allows the traveler to make more sense of their surroundings and connect with it more as well. The final section, which is the "survival guide", offers maps, basic language tips, a more detailed guide for transportation, and a directory that contains miscellaneous information that a traveler may need to keep in mind during the trip (currency, holidays, hospitals, etc.). This is the overall format of a Lonely Planet book on various cities. 

Lonely Planet Format (Website on Yunnan) [7]:

The Lonely Planet website on Yunnan has 6 different sections in total. These sections include the "top experiences", the map, articles, books, activities, and finally, the "in detail" section. On the starting page, a picture of Yunnan is displayed along with its name. A brief general description of Yunnan is found a little further down the page. There is then a list of "top experiences" that can be found down the page, and this section highlights the best of Yunnan. After this section, a large map of the region is provided, and if the "launch map view'' button is clicked the highlighted sights of Yunnan are pinpointed on the map. Scrolling down further, a list of articles related to Yunnan can be found, and these provide insights and tips on the region. There is then an advertisement for the print version of the guide that provides even more information on Yunnan (the general format of the book can be found above). After this advertisement is a list of activities that travelers can choose to do, and the prices are listed along with pictures of each activity. The last section is the "in detail" section, which has a variety of information that may be useful to the traveler. It includes top recommendations, practical information on Yunnan, and more. This is the overall format of the Lonely Planet website on Yunnan. 

Yunnan in General-

Yunnan, or "the place south of the Yun ridge" (referring to the cloudy mountains), is located on the southwestern border of China [2,13]. More than half of China's minority groups live in this land of diverse biomes, making it the most diverse province in Chinaboth geographically and culturally[7]. Of the 55 minorities in China, Yunnan is home to 51 of them [2]The capital of Yunnan is the well-known and busy city of Kunming [2,13]. Yunnan has a population of approximately 47,710,000 people (as of 2016) [14]. The province is separated into 2 distinct regions by the Ailiao mountains; to the west of these mountains is where the canyon region can be found, while the east is where the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau is located [13]. Because Yunnan is separated distinctly, the climate varies between the two regions. Yunnan overall is known to receive a lot of rainfall because of rain-bearing winds from the Pacific and Indian oceans. The rich rainfall allows plants to thrive, therefore explaining why Yunnan is home to more than half of China's different plant species. It is also home to a wide variety of animals and is one of the most diverse provinces animal and plant species-wise. Yunnan is known for agriculture, and their main crops are rice and corn. Aside from those two important crops, Yunnan is also known to grow a variety of other crops, which include sweet potatoes, sugarcane, fruits, beans, peas, and more.  The worldwide popular Pu'er tea also originates from Yunnan [13]. Yunnan is indeed a very diverse province with many places to explore, which includes the Microcampus destination of Xizhou.

Xizhou in General-

Xizhou Village (Happy Town in Chinese) [3,6,8] is located approximately 20 kilometers north of Dali Old Town [6] and situated on fertile land between the Erhai Lake [4,6,9] and the Cangshan Mountain [4]. The population of Xizhou is roughly about 32,000 people and the village itself is surrounded by rice fields [8], green mountains, and creeks [4]. The village is recognized for its rich culture and its well-preserved traditional Bai-style buildings [9]. More than 100 homes in Xizhou are certified cultural relics. The entire village is centered around the old town square- also known as Sifang Jie in Chinese, and in this square is where most of the village's shops and restaurants are found [5,8]. During the times of the Silk Road, Xizhou was home to many wealthy merchants and traders [4,6,8]. Their wealth eventually led them to build homes with elegant features, like large courtyards and pristine gateways. These traditional homes are called Bai-style houses, which is what I mentioned earlier [6]. One popular traditional food found in Xizhou is a flatbread (or "pizza"), called the Xizhou Baba. It comes in two types of flavors, either savory or sweet, with different types of toppings [6,10,11]. Some popular sightseeing attractions in Xizhou include Lake Erhai, the old town, and the Yan Family Compound  [12]. Xizhou is a pleasant village perfect for a short and sweet trip. 

 

Information From 3-to-5's:

Ms. Mai- Monday 12th, 2:30pm [15]:

Food Recommendations:

  • Huang Coffee Shop (near the dangerous intersection)

Hand-crafts:

  • Cheese Factory (near Happy Embroidery Shop)
  • Happy Embroidery Shop
  • Wood Workshop (between the ficus tree and the dangerous intersection, on the left of the road)
  • Natural Tie-Dye Shop (100 meters downhill from Linden Centre)

Attractions:

  • Temples nearby Sifangjie

Information From Local Contacts:

I received a lot of information when talking with my local contacts, and they have all given very useful information for me to interpret and use to help me progress my research. 

Michael Yang [16]

I decided to visit Mr. Yang from the Linden Centre staff after he was suggested through my 3-to-5 with Mr. Chen. Mr. Yang was the first local contact that I had a conversation with and he was very helpful and detailed with everything he told me. His information definitely helped me start off my research process here very well and I hope to connect with him again in the future. Mr. Yang is devoted to connections with the residents of Xizhou, and he encourages tourists to interact with the residents rather than only focusing on scenery and the shops, as the community is the most important factor of Xizhou and is what makes the village what it is. 

  • There is no specific etiquette when eating, and clothes can just be casual, but always greet people when encountering them
  • When foreigners interact with the residents, they can use hand gestures but some extremely simple English phrases like "hello!" can be understood
  • Xizhou is good for people who want to experience a different culture, traditions and taste different food
  • Xizhou is suitable for visits all year round, depends on the tourist's personal preferences
  • Some must-dos are Lake Erhai, the mountains, and the shops around Xizhou
  • Places to visit nearby Xizhou are nearby villages like Zhoucheng, Sha Cun, and more
  • There are not many safety issues to know about besides being careful when crossing roads
  • The only health issue is high altitude sickness, takes a few days to adjust to the high elevation
  • The only essential item to bring is an open mind and positive attitude!

Jiajia Song [17]

I talked with Ms. Song right after having my conversation with Mr. Yang, and I decided to talk to her because she was recommended by both Mr. Chen and Ms. Mai. It is quite clear that she has a big passion for hiking and really loves the outdoors here. She also gave very valuable and detailed information for me to keep in mind to write on my guide. She values the environment here and suggests that tourists admire both the loving community and the beautiful scenery.  

  • Xizhou is an open-minded community, so there is no determined etiquette other than being respectful towards girls by not asking for their age and other personal information
  • Xizhou is becoming more international, so some English phrases can be understood. Gestures can be used and tourists should try learning basic Chinese before coming
  • Xizhou is good for people who are interested in the unique architecture, the culture, the food, the landscape, and the hiking opportunities as well
  • The weather is nice all year round, so tourists can come anytime
  • Some must do's are visiting the handicraft shops, the Lake, and the mountains
  • Some places to visit nearby Xizhou are the nearby villages, and the smaller islands in Lake Erhai as well
  • If you are hiking, make sure to hike in a group instead of hiking alone to prevent losing your path. Make sure to pay attention to traffic as well, so be careful when crossing roads
  • Aside from high altitude sickness, do not try all the foods instantly when just arriving, and make sure to allow your stomach to adjust to the food as a lot of it is very spicy and salty. Also, make sure to drink clean water
  • Make sure to bring sunscreen and a water bottle, there is not much that should be brought because Xizhou provides access to all basic needs

Ms. Zhao [18]

I visited Ms. Zhao from the Linden Centre as well and she was extremely helpful and eager to help me. She was recommended to me through Ms. Mai and I paid a visit to her at a cafe nearby the Linden Centre right after lunch. She talked a lot about the culture and the traditions here and suggests that tourists take time to really experience being part of the community by admiring the hand-made crafts and spending time with the residents here. 

  • To maintain etiquette, always respect locals and be open to connections
  • In order to interact with locals, bring a friend that knows Chinese, or learn a bit before coming. The Linden Centre staff can all help if the traveler is staying here
  • Usually, the people who come to Xizhou often have relatives in China or are foreigners who have lived in China
  • The weather is nice all year round, but she prefers it when it is spring or summer because that is the time the flowers are blooming and the scenery is especially nice
  • Visitors should come for perhaps 2-5 days, but if they are in groups they can stay longer
  • Some must-dos in Xizhou include visiting traditional homes (that are open to the public), drink the tea, visit the handicraft shops, walk through alleys, sit outside, hang out with the residents, and shop for souvenirs
  • Some places to visit nearby Xizhou include Shacun, Zhoucheng, some temples, Shuanglong island (there is a lot of construction), and more islands
  • One safety issue that visitors should pay attention to is the traffic here. Since there are no traffic lights or stop signs, tourists should be very careful when crossing roads
  • Tourists should not eat too much junk food and drink a lot of water to not get a stroke. Tourists should also wear sunscreen since the sunlight is strong to prevent getting sunburnt
  • Some essential items to bring include sunscreen, a hat, a water bottle, and comfortable clothes (including shoes). Do not bring high heels

Mr. Chen [19]

I decided to talk to Mr. Chen since he is a supporting teacher on our trip and also works at the Linden Centre. We sat on a sunny afternoon on the star terrace at Yangzhuoran and talked for quite a while. He ended up giving me a lot of helpful information and it gives me a great idea of what I should include in my final product. He believes that tourists will get the most out of Xizhou if they take time and slow down to observe and explore the area. Xizhou and its surrounding area is a great destination for slow strolls, biking, and long adventures through the different villages, the mountains, and Lake Erhai. 

General Info

  • Xizhou is great for tourists who enjoy slowing down to observe and understand their surroundings, and it is great for slower yet longer adventures because of the culture and the scenery here
  • Overall, the amount of days that a tourist wants to spend in Xizhou depends on what they want to do and their other personal preferences, but 4-5 days is a good general number of days. Shorter trips are harder to plan because of the wide range of activities to do here, and some activities require more time (like long-distance biking, hiking, and canoeing)
  • A good thing about the weather in Xizhou is that it is beautiful all-year round, but spring and autumn are preferable because of the seasonal crops (the canola flowers in spring and the rice in the autumn)

Etiquette

  • Try not to travel in big groups, as it disrupts a lot of what happens in villages and the lives of the residents here.
  • If women visit the mosque in Xizhou they need to be mindful of their clothes and wear more concealing clothes
  • Overall, tourists should avoid extremely short clothes
  • When bargaining, be mindful not to bargain for too low as it can be considered rude and disrespectful because of the wage difference between Xizhou and more tourist-developed cities like Shanghai or Beijing. Also be aware that tourists will sometimes need to pay higher prices and becoming irritated over a higher price of only a few RMB instead of paying the local price is not respectful. If locals paid the same price that tourists did their living costs would raise and that would be unfair to the community. Do not push too hard on product prices. 
  • It is important that when traveling in Xizhou foreigners need to accept the fact that they will look different than everyone else and will possibly stand out. However, "looking different" is not an excuse for tourists to do whatever they like, so taking pictures of residents without their permission is still considered rude and tourists need to actually try to communicate with the residents (it can be simple gestures) to avoid being disrespectful. Mr. Chen also says that he sees that most foreigners do not try to communicate with the residents at all. Language level is not as important as the effort tourists are willing to put in to communicate with the residents

Suggestions

  • Some must-dos in Xizhou definitely include biking in the area because of the flat terrain and the good weather. Biking with no final destination in mind is always great, as you get to explore new places like different villages. Biking gives great access to places that cars cannot access, and it gives tourists an opportunity to experience the culture in a way that tour groups do not get to. Another must-do here is to interact with the people living here, like small business owners, and this is a must-do because the community in Xizhou and its surrounding area play a big part of the culture. Tie-dye is also very fun, especially when its done at Xiaobai's Lanxu shop in Zhoucheng (they also have a store in Xizhou). The JiWu workshop is also a must-do and must-visit because it allows people to make their own pu'er tea, tie-dye, and wool decorations as well. Tourists should have some good pu'er tea (the 3-course tea is also a cool experience offered at many places in Xizhou, including the Linden Centre)
  • Some good restaurants include Yuan Zi Kou, Baixiangyuan (this restaurant is more for big groups instead of individuals, it is also a favorite among locals), A-Bo does not really serve local food but many people agree that it definitely is the best in Xizhou 

Nearby Xizhou

  • Shacun: Biking through the village is fun, there is also a temple to visit there. Overall, it is a living and breathing village, so the village is not quite associated with tourism. The market is interesting but small, and if the tourists would want to they can watch the fishing there. Tourists can also canoe in Shacun
  • Zhoucheng: It is very lively and crazy, the local god festival there is really cool too
  • It is fun to bike through random villages to see how different they are, some are so small that they only have 3 or 2 businesses but it is still very interesting to pass through these

Other

  • Tourists should be careful of snakes when hiking, as they can be encountered sometimes, but are frequently encountered in the rice patties (a popular place for tourists to take pictures). In the summer, tourists usually enjoy picking mushrooms, but there are many annual deaths in Yunnan because of lack of knowledge of which mushrooms are safe to eat and which are not. If the tourists choose to pick mushrooms by themselves they need to consult the local residents to ensure that they are not eating a poisonous mushroom. 
  • If the tourists are not very used to Chinese food they should stick to the Linden Centre's food, as the food is cooked with less oil and will be easier on stomachs
  • Some essential items include sunscreen, exercise clothes, water bottles (not unreusable ones as they are bad for the environment), and cameras

Mr. Jake [20]

I talked to Mr. Jake over the phone after having him being recommended to me by Ms. Mai during our 3-to-5. Mr. Jake usually spends most of his time in Zhoucheng, but still knows a lot about Xizhou. He is fond of the handicrafts produced here and works at Xiaobai's tie-dye shop. He believes that tourists should come and take the time to admire the architecture, the handicrafts, the food, and the temples as well.

  • Xizhou is good for people who want to see the Bai architecture, the unique villages around Xizhou, and the handicrafts as well
  • A good amount of days to spend in Xizhou is about 2-5 days
  • Mr. Jake personally prefers the spring and summer seasons, but he suggests that March is a good month where there are lots of festivals. May through June is the new year celebration here and is also good
  • Overall, the Bai people here are very relaxed about clothing, but when visiting temples it should be more concealing. Also, photographing people without their permission is considered quite rude
  • If the tourist does not know any Chinese, they should try to use gestures and facial expressions to communicate
  • A must-do in Xizhou is definitely to try the delicious local food. Some good snacks include handmade ice cream, some cold noodles, and the papaya as well. Another must-do is to visit the temples for the local gods, as they are very intricate and unique
  • Tourists should visit Mr. Duang's village, Zhoucheng, and the markets in the various villages
  • Tourists should be cautious around very old structures, especially if there are cracks in the walls as those are signs of the possible collapse of the buildings. Tourists should also be extremely careful of crossing roads, especially the large ones like the road from Xizhou to Dali
  • Tourists should be aware of the weather in Xizhou and should bring enough clothes so that they are not cold in the morning. They should also drink a lot of water to prevent dehydration
  • Some essential items to bring include lip balm, sunglasses, hats, an umbrella, jackets, and sunscreen

Mr. Linden [21]

Mr. Linden has definitely changed my whole perspective on my inquiry project. I see the passion he has for this whole village and I see that he wants the absolute best for this village. He believes that the community is not getting the respect and curiosity they deserve from the tourists that come, and he has a strong message that if travelers are only going to be focused on taking pictures of themselves instead of taking the time to actually pay attention to everything around them they can go to other places instead of coming to Xizhou.

Mr. Linden talked about how businessmen nowadays are coming to Xizhou to take advantage of the increased tourism and starting businesses that produce profit for themselves but bring no benefit to the community. He also talks about how he notices the tourists that come usually seem disinterested in the tangible culture, like the architecture, the people, and instead only focus on taking selfies and looking through cameras. He talks about how little the packaged day tours benefit the community because of the little money the tourists pay and how it is split between all the businesses they encounter during their tour and how little each earns. Mr. Linden wishes that more curious tourists would come and that they would support local businesses more and explore the village. He says that the tourists that come nowadays are expecting Xizhou to be something different than what it actually is. The "traditional" costumes that the people here are seen wearing on advertisements is not what people actually wear, and tourists come here with that idea in mind but then are completely disinterested when they do not find what they expect. They completely disregard the actual culture and stories that the residents have to share and do not see the intricate architecture and instead decide to move on to the next village. Mr. Linden says that the business people who transform the cultural villages into tourist villages that all look the same are not preserving the true culture and story of the villages. He says that Xizhou should be more selective of tourists and that would make the village seem more mysterious instead of welcoming all tourists. Mr. Linden describes the disrespect he feels when tourists are centered around their WeChat and good pictures to post. He suggests that in my guide I should prepare the tourist more before they come to Xizhou and also find a way to "demand respect". He really changed my perspective on my whole project and now I am thinking about how I should make my final product prepare tourists instead of giving them a set itinerary that plans everything they do at every minute of the day.

Mr. John Yang [22]

I found Mr. Yang at the gallery on the west alley of Sifangjie after he was recommended to me by Ms. Mai and Mr. T through my 3-to-5's. He has worked with Sidwell Friends and when he talked about tourism he reminded me a lot of my conversation with Mr. Linden. He shared similar views of how the community is not benefiting as much as it should from tourism, and also shares the passion Mr. Linden has for the rich culture here. He values the community and culture of Xizhou and hopes that tourists will take the effort to learn and understand it.

  • As Xizhou becomes more developed with tourists, Xizhou also is losing more of its culture because of the development through outsiders starting businesses in Xizhou.
  • He suggests tourists stay for 2 days or 2 nights, and also says that Xizhou is special for its architecture, its history, its handicrafts, and its community.
  • In his opinion, May-October is the most beautiful time in Xizhou because of the crops that are grown throughout the village during that time.
  • Mr. Yang also told me that if tourists want to experience more holidays a good time to come to Xizhou would be from January to March.
  • Mr. Yang talked about how he would like the culture to be maintained and he would like the local economy to be developed with the support from tourists

Mr. He [23]

I decided to talk to Mr. He when I saw him parked on the side of the road. I also wanted to talk to him since he is a tourist scooter driver and would probably have opinions on tourism in Xizhou. Personally, for him, he does not really admire the development from the tourism industry in Xizhou.

  • Development from the tourism industry in Xizhou is not very good, the roads are not fixed yet (from the roadblocks) and are inconvenient
  • Generally, most of the tourists who come are quite civilized and polite, but there are a handful of tourists that are sometimes impolite
  • Most of the tourists are interested in architecture but are not very interested in the language or the history

Mr. Zhang [24]

I talked with Mr. Zhang through Mr. Chen as he did not understand me very well. He is a horsecart driver and did not grow up in Xizhou, but has lived in Xizhou for 30 years and has had quite a lot of tourists ride his horse cart. 

  • Tourism is good for the community and the development
  • His customers are usually interested in the scenery
  • He usually brings his customers around town to look at everything

Mr. Li [25]

I talked to Mr. Li during the afternoon while he had some spare time and was feeding his horse. He thinks that tourism is quite beneficial to the community and does not affect the culture in any bad way.

  • Tourism benefits the development of the community and his horse cart business
  • In the last few years, the Bai culture in Xizhou has attracted many tourists
  • The Bai culture is not changing from tourism, and will probably stay the same in a few years
  • The tourists who ride his cart are usually interested in many things, especially the architecture and scenery
  • The handicrafts in Xizhou are very interesting for the tourists (tie-dye, basket-weaving, antiques, etc)
  • They are also very interested in the food and the market
  • Mr. Li usually brings his customers through the family home museums, the market, and through the big roads

Xiaoyun [26]

I talked to Xiaoyun on the phone after he was introduced to me through my 3-to-5's with Ms. B and through my other phone conversation with Mr. Jake. He currently owns a tourism company and believes that while tourism is definitely beneficial to the outsiders who start businesses it is not benefiting the residents in Xizhou.

  • Tourists who come are generally interested in the market, the lake, and the culture
  • Tourism brings a lot of attention to the Bai culture and Xizhou, it is quite beneficial for the culture when the tourists are interested in learning about it
  • The residents of Xizhou prefer the outside businesses like the Linden Centre, as it provides training and jobs for them
  • They do not like the outsiders who come in and start businesses that do not benefit the community
  • A lot of the effects of tourism depend on the decisions the government makes
  • Tourism is not beneficial for the residents, as it increases living costs and this does not help the residents who are not living well
  • For example, Xizhou baba (a local snack) used to be 5 yuan but now it costs 10 yuan
  • Tourism benefits the outsiders because it provides great income for their businesses
  • Tourists can support the community by purchasing products from local businesses (souvenirs, tie-dye, local snacks)
  • Tourists can support farmers by buying food from local restaurants
  • If the farmers are landowners and own land that is open for recreational use, tourists can support them by going there and picking fruit in autumn, camping, or having BBQ

Ms. B [27]

I decided to talk to Ms. B since she works with our Microcampus group and because she works at the Linden Centre. She really loves the dogs in Xizhou and also enjoys visiting Dali Old Town once in a while when she has the time to try out the food there. She believes that the impact of tourism is very complicated and has different effects on the village.

  • Tourism gives people different jobs, which is quite good for the community
  • It can be a good thing as it prevents the residents from doing more difficult work like farming
  • Tourism preserves the culture overall, but that restricts the village from developing
  • Residents here are usually okay with the tourists, they do not hate them but they do not exactly love them either
  • Tourism is rising land rent and living costs in Xizhou
  • Tourists can support the local community by eating local and buying locally made products as well
  • A good amount of time to spend in Xizhou is 3 days
  • Ms. B personally enjoys switching from local food once in a while, as it does get tiring to eat sometimes
  • Ms. B enjoys biking around Lake Erhai, and it would be something nice to do for tourists as well

Mr. Yang [28]

Mr. Yang is a tour scooter driver, and I decided to talk to him since I thought he would have some opinions on tourism because he interacts with tourists a lot. He did not elaborate very much on his answers but overall he thinks that tourism is benefiting the culture and the village.

  • Tourism is preserving the culture overall and is quite helpful to the community
  • The tourists who come are generally polite and show interest in the Bai culture
  • He takes his customers to places like Lake Erhai, Sea Tongue Ecological Park, and more

Mr. Yang [29] 

Mr. Yang is another tour scooter driver that I found outside the Linden Centre. He has mixed opinions on how tourism impacts Xizhou depending on how one views it but overall he thinks that the culture preservation depends on the government. 

  • Culture preservation depends on the government, for example, they could choose to grow indigo flowers in all the canola fields and that would promote tie-dye, which is a traditional handicraft
  • Development in Xizhou is eradicating the traditional style architecture, and he prefers the old buildings over the new ones because they are more comfortable and are unique
  • Mr. Yang also believes that when Xizhou develops (from the influence of outsiders) in language, it erases the traditions
  • For example, Mr. Yang told us about his two daughters and how his younger daughter is influenced by her school and cannot learn the traditional Bai language, while his older daughter can speak it and understand it
  • Tourism is in a way promoting and preserving the culture since the tourists that come are interested in the culture and this encourages the culture to be preserved
  • However, sometimes like in the case of tie-dye, tourists that come might support the wrong type of tie-dye (chemical instead of traditional)
  • In the end, the effects of tourism really differ in different ways

All this information given to me by my local contacts have answered my questions very well and have helped me a lot. They have covered what I needed for background information on Xizhou, attraction suggestions, and a tourist's impact on the village. Overall, the information on etiquette really differed from my own answers to my questions (found in Phase 1), but the answers from all the different people on attraction suggestions confirm one another. When it comes to the impact of tourism, however, the answers were different and depended on each person's different life. Overall, they prove that the effects of tourism on the village are complicated and will differ depending on what way you look at it. 

Answers to Previous Questions (from Phase 1):
1. Who would like to come to Xizhou?
People who enjoy the culture and this includes the architecture, the food, the handicrafts, and the scenery.

2. How many days should people stay in Xizhou?
It depends on what the tourist wants to do, but it can be between 2-5 days or even a week.

3. What is the best season for tourists to come to Xizhou?
It depends on the scenery the tourists want to see and the holidays they may want to experience, but generally, spring and fall are great seasons for different crops and spring-summer is when a lot of holidays and festivities take place. 

4. What are some tips for maintaining etiquette in Xizhou (clothes, eating, etc.)?
The people of Xizhou are usually very open-minded, but clothing choices need to be thought through when tourists are visiting temples. Also, tourists need to try to interact with the residents and greet them when they are walking in the streets.

5. How will tourists interact with the people of the village?
Hand gestures definitely work, some other ways include bringing a friend that understands and speaks Chinese or learning some basic Chinese before coming. 

6. What are some must-dos in Xizhou?
Biking, seeing the handicrafts, hiking, visiting Erhai, tasting the food- the choices are endless!

7. What are some places to visit nearby Xizhou? 
Tourists can just wander around and go through random villages as they go, but some specific ones include Shacun, Zhoucheng, and Mr. Duang's village. 

8. What are some safety issues in Xizhou?
There are not many safety issues other than watching out when crossing streets and hiking in groups to prevent tourists from being lost.

9. What are some health issues in Xizhou? 
Tourists need to drink a lot of water to prevent altitude sickness and need to be careful when eating food to become accustomed to the different food and the different taste.

10. What are some essential items needed when traveling in Xizhou?
Sunscreen, hats, water bottles, comfortable clothes, comfortable shoes, an open-mind and an open heart!

11. Is tourism generally beneficial or harmful to the Bai culture of Xizhou?
If the tourists are showing interest towards the true culture of Xizhou and learning about it while supporting the community it will benefit the village and the culture. 

12. How is development in the village affecting the culture of Xizhou?
It is having various effects on the Bai culture and benefits it while also having negative impacts on it. 

13. How can tourists support the community?
Tourists can support the community by eating local and buying local products. 

Sources: 

1. Milner, Rebecca, and Simon Richmond. Tokyo. Lonely Planet, 2015.
2. "Yunnan Travel Guide." Yunnan Travel Guide: Yunnan Tour, Map, Ethnic Minority Groups, www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/yunnan/
3. Fallows, James. "Village Dreamers." The Atlantic, The Atlantic Media Company, 17 Sept. 2015, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2009/10/village-dreamers/307657/
4. Xizhou Village." Xizhou Village, China Tour Guide, www.chinatourguide.com/dali/xizhou_village.html
5. "Xizhou Town, Dali." Xizhou Village, Wonders of Yunnan, www.wondersofyunnan.com/destinations/yunnan/popular-attractions/xizhou-t...
6. Horton, Chris. "Getting Away: Xizhou." GoKunming, 14 Sept. 2011, www.gokunming.com/en/blog/item/2406/getting_away_xizhou
7. "Yúnnán Travel." Lonely Planet, www.lonelyplanet.com/china/yunnan
8. "Xizhou Bai Houses." Xizhou Bai People House around Dali, Ethnic Minority Residence, www.topchinatravel.com/china-attractions/xizhou-bai-houses.htm
9. Tang, Cindy. "Houses of Bai People in Xizhou." ChinaHighlights, 27 June 2017, www.chinahighlights.com/dali/attractions/houses-of-bai-people-in-xizhou....
10. C., Evian. Background Information, http://www.sasmicrocampus.org/content/phase-3-interpreting-information-90
11. L., Nicole. Information from 3-to-5's, http://www.sasmicrocampus.org/content/phase-3-interpreting-information-180
12. Xizhou Attractions: Sightseeing for Xizhou Vacations, Tourist Sites, Yunnan Adventure Travel, www.yunnanadventure.com/attractions/Xizhou-Old-Town_650.html
13. Kuo, Ping-chia, and Robert Lee Suettinger. "Yunnan." Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 8 Nov. 2016, www.britannica.com/place/Yunnan
14. "Asia." Yunnan (China): Prefectural Division, Major Cities & Counties - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information, www.citypopulation.de/China-Yunnan.html
15. Hai Sam, Mai. 3-to-5 interview conducted on Mar 12th, 2018. 
16. Yang, Michael. Personal interview conducted on Mar 14th, 2018. 
17. Song, Jiajia. Personal interview conducted on Mar 14th, 2018. 
18. Ms. Zhao. Personal interview conducted on March 15th, 2018.
19. Mr. Chen. Personal interview conducted on March 19th, 2018. 
20. Mr. Jake. Phone interview conducted on March 20th, 2018.
21. Mr. Linden. Personal interview conducted on March 21st, 2018.
22. Mr. John Yang. Personal interview conducted on March 22nd, 2018. 
23. Mr. He. Personal interview conducted on March 26th, 2018.
24. Mr. Zhang. Personal interview conducted on March 26th, 2018.
25. Mr. Li. Personal interview conducted on March 26th, 2018. 
26. Xiaoyun. Phone interview conducted on March 26th, 2018. 
27. Ms. B. Personal interview conducted on March 27th, 2018.
28. Mr. Yang. Personal interview conducted on March 27th, 2018.
29. Mr. Yang. Personal interview conducted on March 27th, 2018. 

Next Steps

In Phase 3, I have written down and interpreted all the information I have gathered. Now, I will be moving on to Phase 4, where I will be preparing to report my findings by constructing a layout of my final product. 

I was born in Canada and my family is from China. In my free time, I enjoy playing soccer, playing with my dog, talking with my friends, and learning new things. I have been to two previous schools prior to coming to SAS in cold Canada and sunny California. The month that I spent at Microcampus has been really memorable and an experience that I will never forget in my life. I am yet to return to Xizhou to see the community, scenery, and taste the food again!